1865 2C Two Cents, Judd-409A, Pollock-479, High R.7

Both obverse and reverse are from the regular two cent dies of the year. The obverse is the Fancy 5 variety. Struck in nickel with a plain edge. The surfaces of this piece show no evidence of reflectivity, undoubtedly because of the hardness of the nickel ore used. Similarly, the hardness of the nickel also made it impossible to completely strike up all the design elements.

MS66 $13,800.00 (Jan 7, 2009 HA.com)
1866 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-495, Pollock-582, High R.7

The obverse design features the familiar heraldic shield with arrows, cross, and laurel branches. The shield is low in the field and divides the date 18-66. The motto IN GOD WE TRUST is engraved in small letters above the shield. The reverse shows a short numeral 5, centered in a thick laurel wreath, with the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA around. Struck in copper with a plain edge.
The Act of May 17, 1866 authorized a new five cent coin. Many patterns were devised in the search for a new coin design. The present example displays the Union Shield obverse, similar to the design used on the two cent coin of 1864. This design closely resembles the obverse adopted for business strikes, which began to appear in the summer of 1866.
This coin boasts an illustrious pedigree, appearing in some of the most important collections of the 20th century. The issue is extremely rare, and years often pass between auction appearances.

PR64 Brown $5,750.00 (Oct 22, 2009 HA.com)
1866 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-502, Pollock-588, R.8

Regular dies obverse, paired with a reverse that features a large fancy 5 within a wreath instead of stars as on the adopted issue. Struck in copper with a plain edge.

PR63 Brown $8,050.00 (Jul 31, 2009 HA.com)
1865 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-418, Pollock-490, High R.6

This pattern mule pairs a regular issue 1865 obverse with a regular issue No Rays reverse die, Fletcher Hub IIc, first used to strike business strike 1869 shield nickels. From this evidence, one can safely conclude that the present pattern was struck in 1869 or later despite its 1865 date. Struck in nickel with a plain edge.

PR64 $6,325.00 (Jul 9, 2009 HA.com)
1866 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-508, Pollock-592, High R.6

Struck from a regular obverse die of the 1866 Shield nickel, while the reverse suggests the No Rays design that was produced for circulation the following year. Struck in copper with a plain edge.

PR66 Brown $3,450.00 (Mar 28, 2009 HA.com)
1866 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-510, Pollock-594, R.8

At 60.34 gn, too heavy to be a planchet for an Indian cent. From regular Shield nickel dies with a plain edge, but struck in an alloy of 99.3% copper and 0.7% aluminum, per the PCGS insert.

PR64 Brown $19,550.00 (Mar 28, 2009 HA.com)
1882 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-1693, Pollock-1895, Low R.7

The dies are similar to those used on the regular issue 1882 Shield nickel, but the base of the shield is designed differently, lacking the ornamental ball. Struck in nickel with a plain edge. This modified design was also struck in copper, aluminum, and white metal.

PR64 Cameo $3,335.00 (Mar 28, 2009 HA.com)
1865 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-416, Pollock-488, High R.6

The obverse features the familiar shield motif used for regular-issue coinage in 1866, but dated 1865. The reverse design is the Rays variety used in 1866 and early 1867. Struck in nickel with a plain edge.

USPatterns.com believes that original prototypes of the shield nickel and later restrikes were made using the same Judd-416 dies. There are two reverse dies known for the issue, one with a prominent center dot and the other without. The die with the center dot was used to strike regular proofs in 1866, confirming that it was in use before the era when most restrikes were produced.

The reverse die without the center dot was used on pieces that were struck after 1868, according to research by Victoria Stone-Moledor. The present coin has the reverse center dot and can claim to be a true prototype of the Shield nickel.

PR65 $9,200.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1869 5C Five Cents, Judd-688, Pollock-769, High R.7

Dated 1869, this piece was produced at a time (presumably the year it bears, or not much later) when aluminum was among the most precious of metals. The design is the same as the regular-issue Shield nickel, although in the pure aluminum context this piece is starkly silver-white, rather than gray. The piece is certified in an old-style PCGS green-label holder, and it certainly appears qualified for a Cameo designation, with thickly frosted devices and splendidly reflective fields that show the coveted black-on-silver appearance of cameo proof coinage at the proper angle.

According to the www.USPatterns.com website, this pattern in aluminum, Judd-688, is part of a series of similar 1869-dated patterns that, despite their listing as die trials, were actually deliberately struck for sale to collectors as part of complete off-metal sets. Apparently only two or three pieces of the Judd-688 in aluminum are known.

PR66 $16,100.00 (Sep 18, 2008 HA.com)
1867 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-573, Pollock-650, Low R.6

Similar to the regular issue 1867 No Rays nickel, but struck in copper (instead of copper-nickel) with a plain edge. Judd-573 has two variants, which slightly differ in the arrangement of the stars on the reverse. Pollock-650 has a star centered between the AM in AMERICA, unlike Pollock-649 which features the star beneath the first A in AMERICA.

PR63 Brown $2,530.00 (Mar 6, 2008 HA.com)
1866 5C Shield Five Cents, Judd-489, Pollock-577, Low R.6

The obverse has a shield design similar to that adopted for the regular issue Shield nickel, except that the motto IN GOD WE TRUST is expressed in smaller letters and the date is divided by the ball at the base of the shield. On the reverse, the "Dutch" 5 is surrounded by a laurel wreath, with the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA around the rim. Struck in nickel with a plain edge. These patterns show an interesting die punching error with the second T in TRUST far to the right of the final position.

PR66 Cameo $6,900.00 (Feb 14, 2008 HA.com)
1866 5C Shield Five Cent - Three Dollar Mule, Judd-531A, Pollock-596, Unique

This fantasy piece is a mule of the adopted Shield nickel obverse with the three dollar gold obverse. Struck in nickel with a plain edge. The ninth edition of the Judd reference speculates that this piece was made "probably outside the Mint."

PR62 $29,900.00 (Mar 15, 2007 Ha.com)
Shield Nickel Patterns
Source for information and pictures courtesy of  Heritage Coin Auctions
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