1818 1C One Cent, Judd-45, Pollock-6210, R.8 A (Combination of 1818 Cent and Quarter Dies)
The obverse is a rusted die originally used for the 1818 B-2 quarter dollar, and the reverse is a similar rusted die originally used for 1818 N-8 and N-10 large cents. Evidence of at least two strikes appears on the reverse, with considerable doubling of the letters in the legend and denomination. The 1860 date from the Seated quarter undertype is visible, upside down, between the wreath and TES of STATES. Struck in silver over an 1860 Seated Liberty quarter with a reeded edge, the edge reeding flattened.
The seventh edition of Judd, edited by Abe Kosoff, states that this muling was "struck over a quarter dollar dated 1800," an obvious typographical error as there is no such thing as an 1800 quarter. This apparently unique piece was produced some time between 1860 (the date on the quarter) and March 1862 (its first auction appearance), apparently earlier than other similar curiosities such as the 1804 and 1823 restrike cents. Its maker is unknown, but may have been Dr. Montroville W. Dickeson or Joseph J. Mickley. The obverse die is extensively rusted and heavily broken, the die cracks seemingly in the same stage as the latest known 1818 B-2 quarters. The reverse appears to have a heavy die crack through the tops of AMERICA.
There is little agreement about a suitable name for this curiosity. NGC calls it a "Private Restrike" as does Steve Tompkins in Early United States Quarters 1796-1838. At USPatterns.com, it is described as a "restrike made outside the mint from dies sold as scrap." In his update of the Browning reference, Walter Breen called it a "silver curiosity." In the ninth edition of the Judd reference, Dave Bowers states that it is "a private restrike from mismatched dies of 1818." Andrew Pollock records it in his chapter on Privately Issued Restrikes.
Whatever it is called, this piece is an extremely important part of American numismatic history, it is apparently unique, and it remains in exceptional condition. Plated in Adams-Woodin (AW-31), the eighth and ninth editions of Judd, in Pollock, and in Tompkins. This piece was also listed (although not plated) in the 1914 ANS Exhibition Catalogue as the property of Mr. Judson Brenner, of Youngstown, Ohio.