1794 Liberty Cap Pole Large Cent Image
Images courtesy of Heritage Auctions

The Liberty Cap Large Cent, named for the Liberty Cap on a Pole, was the US Mint's second attempt at producing an attractive coinage for US Commerce. The design is similar to the Flowing hair but is much more aesthetically pleasing, especially in AU and higher grades. However, even with the departure of the "Witch-Like" Bust, US Citizens still didn't want the new cent, nor did they like the design. The Liberty Cap Large Cent was also the first coin to have edge lettering.

As a matter of fact, many just melted the coins for their copper content. So, the US Mint in 1794, made the planchets thinner and removed the edge lettering. The copper shortages and the melting of the coins threatened the Mint's attempt at a coinage before it even got off the ground.

Large Cents, as a whole, were often plagued with problems from poor planchets and changes in design, but this created a smorgasbord of varieties for the collector.

Robert Scot

Diameter: 28 millimeters

Metal content:
Copper - 100%

208 grains (13.5 grams), reduced to 168 grains (10.9 grams) at the end of 1795

Edge Lettering:
ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR (through 1795), plain (beginning in 1795), or with experimental, vertical reeding (on one 1795 variety)

Mint mark:
None (all examples of this type were struck at Philadelphia)

Related links: Liberty Cap Mintages and Values, PhotoGrading Liberty Cap Large Cents, One Cent Patterns
Cherry Picker's List:

1793 Look for either edge lettering: ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR with one leaf after DOLLAR, leaf points down, or ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR with one leaf after DOLLAR, leaf points up.
1794 Look for head of 1793.
1795 Vertical reeding
Liberty Cap, Facing Right, Large Cent
(ebay coin auction links)

1794 Head of 1793
1795 Lettered edge
1795 Plain edge
1795 Vertical reeding