The obverse die showcases the heraldic shield, with arrows behind and a laurel wreath draped down both sides. A scroll with the motto GOD OUR TRUST is above, and the date below. The reverse die centers around the denomination 2 CENTS inside a wreath of wheat, with UNITED STATES OF AMERICA around. Struck in bronze with a plain edge.
The Mint experimented with several designs for the two cent piece in 1863. Judd-312 was struck in at least three different weight standards, and the dies were used to strike Judd-313 (copper-nickel), and Judd-314 (aluminum). It was decided that GOD OUR TRUST was not quite the perfect phrasing for the motto and another design was adopted for coinage of the two cent piece in 1864.
PR67 $6,037.50 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1863 2C Two Cents, Judd-313, Pollock-378, High R.7
The obverse centers around a wide heraldic shield with arrows behind and a thick wreath draped down either side. A scroll with motto GOD OUR TRUST above and the date below. The reverse features the denomination 2 CENTS surrounded by a wreath of wheat, with UNITED STATES OF AMERICA around. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge.
Judd-313 was struck in late 1863, as the Mint experimented with designs for the two cent piece that would begin production in 1864. An early auction appearance was in the Parmelee Collection (New York Coin and Stamp, 6/1890), lot 130, where the coin was paired with an example of Judd-312.
The extreme rarity of the issue has been underestimated in the past. Sometimes, when a coin is unavailable for a long period of time, the numismatic community loses touch with the issue. "Out of sight, out of mind" seems to apply in this case. A search of auction records has failed to uncover an appearance of Judd-313 in the last 15 years. One of the few surviving examples is impounded in the ANS Collection. NGC and PCGS have certified a total of four examples of Judd-313, assuming no resubmissions have occurred. The present example has been off the market for 17 years. Clearly, this offering is an important opportunity to acquire an underappreciated numismatic rarity.
PR63 $25,300.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1863 2C Two Cents, Judd-316, Pollock-381, R.6
The design on both sides is the same as that adopted for business strike production in 1864. Struck in bronze or copper with a plain edge. Interesting background information is provided on the USPatterns.com website for this issue: "From its appearance you would think that it is a transitional pattern similar to the 1882 Liberty Nickel J1690-J1692/P1892-P1894 but this has the reverse with the missing serif on the 'D' in 'United' and is struck from a large motto obverse hub. This is actually a novodel (backdated fantasy) produced circa 1869 through the early 1870s. It does not appear in any pre-1870 auction catalog to my knowledge."
PR66 $27,600.00 (Apr 16, 2008 HA.com)
1863 2C Two Cents, Judd-312A, Pollock-377, R.4
Similar to the adopted two cent piece of the following year except that the motto reads GOD OUR TRUST on the obverse, and the word CENTS is sharply curved within the wreath on the reverse. Struck in copper or bronze with a plain edge. This basic design was struck in both bronze and copper, and also on multiple weight planchets that range from 76 grains to 101 grains. The difference between copper and bronze strikings can only be definitively determined by metallurgical analysis, but both PCGS and NGC (flip included) have called this a 312a, which is a copper piece.
PR64 $4,025.00 (Jan 10, 2008 HA.com)
1865 2C Two Cents, Judd-407, Pollock-477, High R.7
1865 2C Two Cents, Judd-407, Pollock-477, High R.7, PR63 PCGS. Experimental trial piece struck from the dies from the 1865 two cent piece. Struck in copper with streaks of silver with a plain edge. These odd die trials were allegedly struck from native Michigan ore that contained both copper and silver. The surfaces of these pieces are quite unusual, as one can tell from the photos on the USPatterns.com website or from examining this piece. A significant amount of silver is seen on the reverse of this die trial. Apparently the native alloy used for these pieces contained a number of imperfections as each side shows extensive cracks and laminations. About a dozen pieces are known.
PR63 $8,625.00 (Aug 9, 2007 HA.com)
1865 2C Two Cent, Judd-408, Unlisted in Pollock
1865 2C Two Cent, Judd-408, Unlisted in Pollock, PR65 Red PCGS. Regular die trials issue of the two cent piece. Struck in copper with a plain edge. Undoubtedly delisted by Pollock because of the near impossibility of determining the difference in copper and bronze (the actual coining metal) without metallurgical analysis. This piece has bright orange-red surfaces with no mellowing on either side. (#80587)
PR65 $7,475.00 (Aug 9, 2007 HA.com)
1868 2C Two Cents, Judd-614, Pollock-679, Low R.7
Struck from regular issue dies, but struck in an aluminum alloy with a plain edge, 29.6 grains. The NGC insert states the alloy is 94% aluminum, 4% iron, and 2% tin. A well struck and moderately mirrored specimen with a few tiny peripheral marks and an occasional hint of verdigris.
An obverse die trial with the motto GOD OUR TRUST as used also on Judd-312 and Judd-315, but seen here lacking the date. Struck in white metal with paper backing. The paper backing is still partially intact. The surfaces are surprisingly bright for a piece of this age. Missing a piece of the outer flan from 3 to 7 o'clock. This is believed to be the only such splasher known today. Ex: Sarasota Rare Coin Galleries; photographed on the USPatterns.com website.
MS63 $14,950.00 (Jan 5, 2006 HA.com)
1863 2C Two Cents, Judd-315, Pollock-380, High R.7
Similar to the regular issue 1864 Small Motto Two Cent Piece, but dated 1863 and with GOD OUR TRUST on the ribbon above the shield. Struck in bronze with a plain edge. The base of the 8 in the date is lightly repunched, and a few vertical lines within the shield are also recut. Golden-brown and lime-green colors interchange across this well struck and beautifully preserved near-Gem. A few tiny and curly lintmarks (as produced) inside the lower portion of the shield serve as pedigree markers.
PR64 $8,625.00 (Jan 9, 2004 HA.com)
1864 2C Two Cents, Judd-371, Pollock-440, Low R.6
Struck from the regular coinage dies with Large Motto in copper-nickel composition with a plain edge.
PR65 $3,220.00 (Aug 12, 2006 HA.com)
1865 2C Two Cents, Judd-409A, Pollock-479, High R.7
Both obverse and reverse are the regular two cent dies of the year. The obverse is the Fancy 5 variety. Struck in nickel with a plain edge.
A rare and popular issue that began appearing in auction catalogs as early as 1869 (Mason, 10/1869, lot 516). Nickel is an extremely hard metal, making it almost impossible to strike good-quality coins with the technology available in early 1865. The difficulties of the striking process account for the unfinished, granular areas on the surfaces of all examples seen.
MS66 $13,800.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1872 2C Two Cents, Judd-1183, R.8
The regular dies, struck in copper with a plain edge. The NCS label is marked 103.9 grains and 100% copper. Sometimes described as trial pieces, it is more likely that they were made for deliberate sale to collectors. USPatterns.com has the following note: "This is unlisted in Pollock. If any do exist, they are probably masquerading as a regular issue proof." The 10th edition of Judd records the last auction appearance as March 1955, in a Bolender sale.
This is possibly one of the most important patterns in the present sale. The pattern had been delisted in Pollock due to an absence of examples that had been tested for their composition; the present piece now marks the first auction appearance of the Judd-1183 variety in more than 50 years.