Seated Quarter Patterns
1864 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-386, Pollock-454, Low R.7

This scarce Seated quarter pattern mules the issued obverse of 1864 with a reverse die from 1866 or later. Per uspatterns.com, Judd-335 and Judd-386 "are actually restrikes made circa 1869 ... and offered with restrikes of other [backdated Motto] denominations in complete sets." Struck in silver with a reeded edge.

PR65 $9,200.00 (Sep 10, 2009 HA.com)
1871 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-1102, Pollock-1238, High R.7

The regular dies issue of 1871, but struck in copper with a reeded edge. Examples of other silver and gold denominations struck in copper are known for this year with similar rarity, which suggests that sets were purposely made

PR65 Brown $3,220.00 (Jul 9, 2009 HA.com)
1870 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-882, Pollock-980, High R.7

A regular issue Motto reverse quarter is paired with a William Barber rendition of the seated Liberty. She faces left and holds an olive branch and a Federal shield. A Liberty pole appears to impale her arm. Struck in silver with a reeded edge. A looped die scratch near star 7 is as made, and the reverse die is lightly rusted, which suggests a post-1870 production.

PR66 Cameo $7,475.00 (May 28, 2009 HA.com)


1870 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-883, Pollock-981, Low R.7

The obverse depicts a seated figure of Liberty facing left, with 13 stars around and the date below. The reverse is the regular Seated Liberty quarter. Struck in silver with a plain edge. Probably fewer than a dozen examples are known of this silver, plain edge variant.

PR64 $4,025.00 (Apr 30, 2009 HA.com)
1863 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-335, Pollock-407, High R.7

The obverse die is from the Seated Liberty design used for regular-issue coinage in 1863. The reverse features the standard perched eagle motif with the addition of a scroll with the motto IN GOD WE TRUST inscribed. Struck in silver with a reeded edge.

This extremely rare issue was probably struck in the late 1860s or early 1870s to fill up complete sets of transitional patterns. According to USPatterns.com, such sets were offered to select dealers and collectors circa 1869. An early auction appearance of such a set was in the Woodside Collection (New York Coin and Stamp, 4/1892), lot 129. That lot description was: "1863 Proof set: Dollar, Half and Quarter: same as regular issue with additions of "IN GOD WE TRUST," over eagle: this set is unique and has never before been offered, even the existence of such a set being known to but few numismatists: brilliant silver proofs: 3 pcs." Judd-335 was missing in Idler, Fewsmith, Linderman, Davis, Parmelee and many other great 19th century pattern collections, lending credence to the cataloger's claims about the issue's rarity.

PR66 $10,925.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1864 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-384, Pollock-452, Low R.7

The obverse is the regular-issue Seated Liberty design of 1864. Paquet's reverse features an eagle and shield, olive, and arrows in the claws. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA with the denomination QUARTER DOLLAR below. Struck in silver with a reeded edge.

Paquet's distinctive reverse die made its earliest appearance in 1858 on Judd-221. The same reverse design was also used in 1859 (Judd-234), 1864 (this Judd-384), and 1865 (Judd-423). The two latter varieties are both considered restrikes, made circa 1870.

The obverse die is different from any die listed in Larry Briggs' reference, with the date farther to the left than on any regular-issue business strike or proof. However, we have also handled several 1864 proof quarters from the regular issue that have the same date position found on the patterns. It also appears to be a different die from that of Judd-386 in the present sale, although the date position on both pieces is nearly identical.

PR64 $4,025.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1865 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-423, Pollock-495, Low R.7

The obverse is the regular Liberty Seated design for 1865. The reverse features a perched eagle with wings spread widely, clutching arrows with extremely long shafts. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is above, with the denomination fully spelled out below. Anthony Paquet designed the reverse, using the tall, thin letters often associated with his work. Struck in silver with a reeded edge.

In addition to the present issue, the Paquet reverse was used on patterns dated 1858, 1859, and 1864. These pieces are believed to be restrikes, produced circa 1870, to satisfy demand from favored collectors.

PR62 $2,760.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1865 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-425, Pollock-497, High R.6

The obverse die is the familiar Liberty Seated design used for regular-issue coinage in 1865. The reverse die incorporates the scroll with motto that was not used on regular-issue strikes until 1866. Struck in silver with a reeded edge.

The transitional pieces of 1865 and related issues have long been viewed as restrikes, created at a later date to meet collector demand. The basis for this view was the apparent discovery of an 1865 transitional pattern dollar overstruck on a regular silver dollar dated 1866. Recent discovery of a transitional quarter overstruck on a regular 1842-O quarter has caused this supposition to be reexamined.

Careful evaluation reveals that the supposed overstruck 1866 dollar is actually dated 1853. While this does not prove that the transitional issues were produced as legitimate patterns, it does remove much of the reason for doubting them. USPatterns.com believes that approximately one dozen examples of the issue are extant.

PR65 Cameo $6,325.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1865 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-426, Pollock-498, Low R.7

The obverse die is the traditional Liberty Seated design used for regular coinage in 1865. The reverse die features the familiar perched eagle design, with the addition of the scroll and motto IN GOD WE TRUST adopted for regular coinage in 1866. Struck in copper with a reeded edge.

The transitional pattern issues of this era are the cause of much controversy. It is possible that some examples were actually struck to test the dies adopted for use in 1866. However, it is clear that the bulk of the surviving population was coined for sale to collectors at a later date. In the Fewsmith Collection (Mason, 10/1870, lot 1330), the cataloger states that only 10 pieces were struck in copper. There are 12 or more examples known to collectors today. Perhaps the 10 pieces discussed in the Fewsmith sale are restrikes, and a couple more examples survive that are true die trial pieces.

PR65 Brown $4,887.50 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1871 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-1103, Pollock-1239, High R.7

Struck from the regular issue dies for 1871 quarter dollars, in aluminum with a reeded edge. From the Briggs 1-A dies: The obverse shows a small rust lump in the drapery just above and right of the Y in LIBERTY.

Only two or three pieces are currently known, according to USPatterns.com. Andrew Pollock recorded this piece with a weight of 28.2 grains.

PR65 Cameo $10,350.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1874 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-1359, Pollock-1504, R.8

The obverse and reverse dies are from the same designs used on regular-issue coinage in 1874. Struck in copper with a reeded edge.

Judd-1359 is traditionally listed as a dies trial issue, but USPatterns.com believes the coins were distributed by the Mint as part of complete off-metal sets. An example of such a set in copper was in the collection of King Farouk-Palace Collections of Egypt sale (Sotheby's, 2/1954), lot 1933. The issue is extremely rare today, with fewer than three examples traced.

PR64 Brown $40,250.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1874 25C Arrows Quarter Dollar, Judd-1360, Pollock-1505, R.8

From regular issue 1874 Arrows quarter dies, but struck in aluminum with a reeded edge. Per USPatterns.com, "Although these are described as regular die trial pieces in the standard references, it is more likely that the off-metal 'trials' of this year were deliberately struck for sale to collectors as part of complete off-metal sets."

PR66 $34,500.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1875 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-1416, Pollock-1559, R.7

Made from the regular dies for the 1875 quarter dollar, and struck in copper with a reeded edge.

In addition to an extensive series of twenty cent piece patterns and the Sailor Head gold patterns, a complete run of regular issue off-metal coins were produced in copper and aluminum. All of those trial pieces are extremely rare, in every instance either High R.7 or R.8. Fewer than three pieces in copper and less than three in aluminum are confirmed for the quarter dollar trials, according to USPatterns.com.

PR65 Red and Brown $11,500.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1875 25C Seated Quarter, Judd-1417, Pollock-1560, R.8

From regular dies with a reeded edge, but struck in aluminum. Such pieces are often described as die trial pieces, but since all circulating 1875 denominations are known in aluminum format, it appears that a couple of complete off-metal sets were produced.

PR63 Ultra Cameo $22,425.00 (Jul 31, 2008 HA.com)
1870 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-884, Pollock-982, High R.6

Liberty is seated left, and supports a shield with her right hand. Her left hand holds an olive branch. The obverse border has 13 stars, and the date is in the exergue. A free-standing Liberty pole is in the background. The reverse is from a regular-issue Seated Liberty quarter dollar die. Struck in copper with a reeded edge.

PR64 Red and Brown $4,312.50 (May 29, 2008 HA.com)
1869 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-740, Pollock-821, Low R.7

Both the obverse and reverse dies are the same that the Mint used to produce the regular issue 1869 Seated Liberty quarter. This die trial, however, was struck in aluminum with a reeded edge.

PR65 $8,625.00 (Jan 10, 2008 HA.com)
1867 25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-590, Pollock-654, High R.7

Struck from regular issue dies with a reeded edge, but in copper alloy.

PR64 Brown $4,025.00 (Jul 12, 2007 HA.com)
1868 25C Seated Liberty Quarter Dollar, Judd-650, Pollock-723, Low R.7

The regular issue design for the Seated Liberty quarter dollar. Struck in aluminum with a reeded edge. Like the dime in this sale, this example is from an aluminum proof set of the year, long since broken up.

PR61 $1,955.00 (Jan 2, 2007 HA.com)
1858 P25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-221, Pollock-264, High R.7

The regular Liberty Seated quarter dollar obverse for the year. Anthony Paquet designed the reverse die for this variety, which was also used to produce the 1859 Judd-234 quarter patterns. A seemingly malformed eagle with outstretched wings displays a shield on its breast. The left claw holds three long, slender arrows while the right talons grasp an olive sprig. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA / QUARTER DOLLAR surrounds the periphery. Struck in silver with a reeded edge.

PR64 $6,325.00 (Apr 30, 2009 HA.com)
1857 P25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-188, Pollock-225, Low R.7

The obverse is the regular-issue Seated Liberty quarter from 1857, while the reverse is from an incomplete die that shows UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and QUAR. DOL. at the rim in a smaller font than on the regular issues, with the letter Q shaped much differently. The center reverse is blank. Struck in copper with a plain edge.

Struck on both thick and thin planchets, this is another pattern variety that begs for a weight indication on the encapsulation. In earlier editions, the comment on this pattern in Judd was that it "appears to be the first work of Anthony C. Paquet who started working at the Mint on October 20, 1857." Perhaps a dozen exist on both thick and thin planchets according to USPatterns.com.

PR64 Brown $8,050.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
Undated (1840) P25C Quarter Dollar Master Die Impression, Judd-110, Pollock-123

Regarded in the past as a hub impression of the modified Gobrecht Seated Liberty design. However, a hub impression would have the design reversed. We believe this is a trial from the master die. This is the With Drapery design that is struck on an oversized planchet. This impression was struck, according to the Judd book, after Robert M. Patterson asked Robert Ball Hughes to prepare a plaster medallion of Gobrecht's design for use as the basis for a new hub.
After closely examining this piece and even after John Dannreuther examined it, we still have more questions than answers about these two pieces. The Judd-110 appears to have been made on a lathe with fine lines on the blank areas outside the design. Also, each side shows a prominent centering dot. First, while the piece has consistently been termed as brass, it is really brass coated. Close examination shows areas of the central design that show flaking of the brass, notably on the extended arm and torso of Liberty.

The underlying core appears to be a base metal, darkish gray in color. Why was it brass coated if it was meant to simulate a quarter? The eagle on the reverse is notably soft around the outline of the eagle's body. Why would a master die impression lack highpoint detail? Why are the peripheral design elements raised? It appears that a circular inner border was scored in the master die, then the letters were individually punched in--note the unevenness of QUAR. The reverse field is considerably lower and seems to have been polished away from the raised "track" for the peripheral lettering. To help answer some of these questions, researcher extraordinaire John Dannreuther rendered an extensive opinion on these two pieces.

An interesting pair. These pieces could provide the astute researcher many hours of study. A paper could be written on these, or a presentation made as there are questions still to be answered. The USPatterns.com website admits the confusion surrounding the pedigree of this brass piece, and obviously work needs to also be done on this.

MS64 $69,000.00 (Aug 9, 2007 HA.com)
1859 P25C Quarter Dollar, Judd-234, Pollock-281, Low R.7

The obverse is of the regular issue 1859 Seated Liberty quarter obverse. The reverse, however, shows Paquet's reverse with an eagle and shield, olive, and arrows in the claws. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA with the denomination QUARTER DOLLAR below. Struck in silver with a reeded edge. Anthony Paquet's taller letters are distinctive on this rare pattern, of which fewer than a dozen are believed known today.

PR65 $4,312.50 (Jan 2, 2007 HA.com)
Source for information and pictures courtesy of  Heritage Coin Auctions
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