Seated Liberty Cent Patterns
1854 E1C One Cent, Judd-158, Pollock-185, High R.6

A curious cent pattern design. An 1854 Seated dollar obverse was subjected to a crude reducing lathe, creating a smaller obverse die with blurry device details and circular lathe lines. The pattern reverse features 1 CENT encircled by an oak and acorn wreath. Struck with a reeded edge in an alloy of 40% nickel, 60% copper. This piece is struck from misaligned dies. The reverse appears to be 10% off center toward 11:30, but the obverse is correctly centered.

PR65 $4,600.00 (Jul 31, 2009 HA.com) - PR64 $3,450.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1854 E1C One Cent, Judd-159A, Pollock-186, High R.7

The obverse is a die made by reducing an 1854 silver dollar, but in such a way that many details are blurry or indistinct, especially in the date. The reverse is a new die with a heavy, open wreath of oak leaves and acorns tied with a ribbon and bow at bottom, 1 CENT in the center. Many different alloys were recorded, but the Judd-159A, Pollock-186 is called a copper electrotype.

Pollock notes that most examples offered over the years are electrotypes, said to have been produced at the Mint in such a way that they "have a clear ring." He also specifically records this piece, from the August 1971 ANA Sale, as an electrotype.

PR65 $3,220.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1854 E1C One Cent, Judd-159, Pollock-186, High R.7

The obverse of this small cent die was created by a portrait lathe that used an 1854 silver dollar as a model. The portrait lathe caused many circular die lines, and the design is blurry. Notably, the 4 in the date resembles a 1. On the well-made reverse die, 1 CENT is encircled by an oak and acorn wreath. Struck in copper with a plain edge. This was a widely produced pattern that included piece struck in at least three varieties of German silver, copper-nickel alloy, a 78% silver piece, die struck copper pieces as well as electrotypes. This is a die struck example in copper.

PR63 $3,450.00 (Feb 14, 2008 HA.com)
1854 E1C One Cent, Judd-157, Pollock-185, High R.7

1854 E1C One Cent, Judd-157, Pollock-185, High R.7, PR63 PCGS. The obverse is derived from a Seated dollar obverse die, but crudely reduced by a circular lathe to the diameter of a contemporary half cent. The 4 in the date resembles a 1 because of the blurry reduction. On the reverse, 1 CENT is encircled by an oak and acorn wreath. Struck with a reeded edge in a German silver alloy, 30% nickel, 60% copper, 10% zinc. Apparently quite a bit of experimentation was done with this design in various alloys. Metallurgical analysis is recommended on these pieces. The fields are more deeply mirrored on the obverse than the reverse, and the piece shows just the lightest accent of color.

PR63 $4,600.00 (Aug 9, 2007 HA.com)



Source for information and pictures courtesy of  Heritage Coin Auctions
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