Both obverse and reverse dies were the designs used on regular-issue coinage in 1863. Struck in bronze, with a medal turn, and a plain edge. This issue was the Mint's first experiment with the bronze alloy used in cent coinage after 1864.
PR66 Brown $2,300.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1858 P1C Indian Cent, Judd-208, Pollock-259, R.1
The design of the issued 1859 cent, but dated 1858. The die variety with five leaf clusters in the wreath and a centered date, and struck in copper-nickel.
PR66 Cameo $4,887.50 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1858 P1C Indian Cent, Judd-213, Pollock-257, R.7
A transitional issue, the obverse is similar to the Indian cent issued in 1859, with the broad bust tip rather than narrow. The reverse is identical to the issued 1858 Low Leaves Flying Eagle cent with high leaves. Struck in copper-nickel.
PR61 $1,495.00 (Jul 9, 2009 HA.com)
1859 P1C Indian Cent, Judd-228, Pollock-272, R.1
Dated 1859 but with the reverse of 1860-1909. Struck in copper-nickel. These exist in business strike and proof formats and are often incorporated with regular Indian cent collections.
1859 P1C Indian Cent, Judd-227, Pollock-271, Low R.6
The designs are reminiscent of the issued 1860 Indian cent, but the reverse shield is broad and ornamented. Struck in copper-nickel with a reeded edge, and many times rarer than the strictly transitional Judd-228.
MS64 $2,300.00 (Mar 6, 2008 HA.com)
1865 1C One Cent, Judd-405, Pollock-474, High R.7
Both obverse and reverse dies are the familiar Indian Head designs adopted for regular coinage in 1865. Struck in coin die alignment on a copper-nickel planchet with a reeded edge. These unusual reeded edge coins are known on both thick and thin planchets. This is a thin planchet piece. The thick planchet pieces were presumably struck on leftover planchets from 1864 Indian cents.
PR63 $6,325.00 (Apr 30, 2009 HA.com)
1863 1C One Cent, Judd-302, Pollock-365, High R.7
The obverse features the adopted design for 1864 (but dated 1863), with the pointed bust truncation and Longacre's "L" initial on the ribbon. The reverse displays the standard oak wreath and shield motif used for regular-issue coinage in 1863. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge. According to Rick Snow, this reverse die was first used on regular coinage in 1871, indicating it was a latter-day restrike made for collectors in the 1870s.
PR66 $29,900.00 (Jul 30, 2009 HA.com)
1864 1C One Cent, Judd-356b, Pollock-426a, R.8
From regular issue plain edge 1864 No L Indian cent dies, but struck in copper-nickel instead of the expected bronze.
MS65 $3,737.50 (Apr 30, 2009 HA.com)
1864 1C One Cent, Judd-353, Pollock-425, Low R.6
38.73 grains. The regular issue designs for the 1864 Indian cent without L. Struck in an alloy of copper and aluminum with a plain edge. This piece obviously had metallurgical testing done as the insert states: 92% Cu 7.6% Al. While this alloy is off from the accepted 13 to 1 ratio (93% to 7%) for Judd-353 pieces, it is closer than any other ratio known for this design type and composition.
PR67 $19,550.00 (Jul 30, 2009 HA.com)
1858 P1C Indian Cent, Judd-210, Pollock-260, R.8
The design closely resembles the 1859 Indian cent struck for circulation. The obverse has a broad bust point, and the reverse has five-leaf clusters within the wreath, both unlike the issued 1859 cent. Struck in bronze with a plain edge. Listed as Unique in bronze alloy in the ninth edition of Judd.
"A two-headed cent. The obverse is struck from the Indian Head cent die of 1864, with no L on ribbon, while the "other obverse" is made from the regular-issue 1858 Small Letters Flying Eagle cent die. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge.
As a reminder, the Small Letters die is easily distinguishable by the separated AM in AMERICA--on the Flying Eagle cent side. This dual-dated coin is strictly a flight of fancy, bearing as it does two heads but no tails. It accordingly also lacks a denomination of any kind.
This piece has no doubt been viewed as "something special" ever since the first recorded example came to numismatic light, in an October 1868 Mason and Company sale, according to USPatterns.com." HA.com
PR65 $74,750.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
Indian Head Cent Patterns
1865 1C One Cent, Judd-406, Pollock-476, Low R.6
Snow-PT1c, from Plain 5 Snow-1 dies. Struck from regular issue dies with a plain edge, but in an alloy of 76% copper and 24% nickel, virtually the same alloy as the Shield nickel introduced that year. NGC lists the weight as 48.6 grains. The date is repunched.
PR65 $3,737.50 (Aug 9, 2007 HA.com)
1868 1C One Cent, Judd-612, Pollock-677, Low R.7
Struck from the regular proof dies for the 1868 Indian cent, in aluminum with a plain edge. Judd notes that two pairs of proof dies were used.
One might infer from the use of two pairs of proof dies that a considerable number were struck, but they are nonetheless today rated Low R.7. In addition, aluminum was still quite a precious metal at the time(s) these pieces were produced--regardless of exactly when that was. Improved processes for isolating elemental aluminum from its alloys resulted in increased availability of the metal only in the late 1880s. Per Judd: "One of the reverse dies also used to make restrikes of regular Proof 1864 With L cents (per Richard E. Snow); this die is not known to have been used to strike regular issue 1868 Proof cents, but was widely used from 1869 to 1871 (per Snow). This, plus the use of two die pairs, would seem to indicate that aluminum cents were struck on at least two different occasions."
At least some of these were included in complete 16-piece proof sets from the cent through double eagle. The Garrett Collection had a complete set; the earliest recorded offering of a complete aluminum proof set is in the William Fewsmith sale of 1870, lot 1381, conducted by Mason and Company.
PR65 Jan 6, 2009 ($10,350.00 HA.com)
1875 1C One Cent, Judd-1384, Pollock-1528, R.8
Snow PT1a. Regular die trials issue of the proof 1875 cent. Struck in aluminum with a plain edge. The obvious explanation for this piece is it was deliberately struck for collectors. The Judd reference tends to support that contention:
"The year 1875 hosts a potpourri of pattern issues, some with true pattern intent (certain of the twenty-cent pieces may be in this category) and others created as numismatic delicacies, the latter including illogical varieties and mulings. No doubt, Mint Director Henry R. Linderman was among the recipients of these delicacies. All of the illogical combinations as well as off-metal strikings from regular Proof dies were made in secrecy, and the existence of most was not known until years later."
The other way to view this piece is the way Rick Snow presents it, as part of a full denomination set. As such, this would be a metallurgical trial. Only one or two aluminum sets were struck and apparently neither set is intact today. Combining the ninth edition of the Judd book with Snow's reference on 1870-1889 Indian cents yields only three references to known sales. A piece was sold by New England Rare Coin Galleries in March 1983, another was auctioned as part of the Loye L. Lauder Collection by Doyle Galleries in December 1983, lot 536, and there is another transaction by Numismatics Ltd. (possibly also in December 1983). The impossibility of finding photographs of these transactions is obvious. They could be the same coin sold three times in a short time span, two coins and one reappearance, or there is a remote possibility there are three separate coins.
PR66 $57,500.00 (Jan 9, 2008 HA.com)
1863 1C One Cent, Judd-304, Pollock-367, R.8
An elusive Indian Head Cent die trials piece struck in aluminum that is reportedly one of perhaps only two specimens known. These are the famous issues with Longacre's initial 'L' on the ribbon. They are actually restrikes using a reverse die from 1871, per Richard Snow. It is possible that these restrikes are related to the 1864 trime, half dime, and dime restrikes which were offered with the quarter, half dollar, and dollar which were struck with the IN GOD WE TRUST reverse.
PR63 $16,100.00 (Jul 27, 2003 HA.com)
1858 P1C Indian Cent, Judd-212, Pollock-263, R.4
The obverse is similar to the issued 1859 Indian cent. The reverse is much like the issued 1860 cent, but the shield is broad and ornamented. The Broad Bust Pollock variety, usual for Judd-212. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge.