This piece features the same Flying Eagle/agricultural wreath design as Judd-180, which is the familiar 1856 Flying Eagle pattern that was struck in significant quantities and circulated. While that piece was struck in copper-nickel, this one is struck in bronze and also has a plain edge. This rare specimen shares the same die marriage as Snow-5. A small die gouge located at the bottom of the U in UNITED identifies this obverse die, and the reverse shows a strong center dot below the top left serif of the N in CENT. Originally believed to have been a restrike for collectors sometime in 1858, that has since been proven wrong, and Snow (2001) writes that this variety is now considered to have been one of the first Flying Eagle cents struck. In the ninth edition of United States Pattern Coins, the population is listed at just seven pieces, and there are no auction records given. In nearly 15 years of record keeping, Heritage has never before auctioned this rare pattern.
Thirteen stars surround an eagle that is flying slightly upwards, similar to the Christian Gobrecht/Titian Peale flying eagle design for the Gobrecht dollars but with a longer, curved neck to the eagle. The date 1855 is below with slanted 5s, and the reverse is similar to the large cent. The planchet is slightly smaller than the large cent, but larger than the famous 1856 Flying Eagle cent. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge. Per the holder, weight 99.15 grains, composition 91% copper, 8.8% nickel (with rounding error/trace content of 0.2%).
The design is the regular Flying Eagle cent motif on the obverse and the Agricultural Wreath reverse from 1857-58, but there is no date or other legends, save for the denomination ONE CENT in the center reverse. Struck in copper with a plain edge.
Pollock notes that the obverse eagle is a "direct copy of the eagle featured on the Gobrecht dollars dated 1836 to 1839." This pattern could just as easily be called a "Gobrecht cent," crediting the obverse's original designer, Christian Gobrecht, rather than merely describing the design. Examples were struck in both copper and copper-nickel, with the latter somewhat rarer--but both are rare. The dated Judd-180 is the R.1 1856 Flying Eagle cent pattern, a high-mintage production (for a pattern, at least) that is collected alongside the regular-issue series. USPatterns.com reports more than a dozen are known of this copper undated variety.
PR65 Red and Brown $32,200.00 (Jan 6, 2009 HA.com)
1858 P1C Flying Eagle Cent, Judd-199, Pollock-230, High R.7
This extremely rare pattern features the standard Flying Eagle, Large Letters obverse design, combined with a reverse that showcases a large ornamental shield and oak wreath. Struck on a broad copper-nickel planchet, with a plain edge. USPatterns.com estimates fewer than half a dozen examples of Judd-199 are extant.
High Leaves reverse, Closed E in ONE. Struck in nickel or German silver with a plain edge from regular dies; the tenth edition of Judd favors favors the former, noting for both Judd-187 and Judd-187A that "Two or three examples of each metal are believed to exist." While multiples of the Judd-187, which was struck in copper, are known, the Pollock reference lists only one distinct example of the Judd-187A, which is in fact the present piece, and the only specimen certified by NGC or PCGS. It is conceivable that Judd-187A is unique, since our records turn up no additional auction appearances.
While the pattern Flying Eagle cents of 1856 are the most famous patterns bearing the design, they are far from the only ones, as the Judd-187A demonstrates, though Judd cautions that "All patterns dated from 1857 range from rare to unobtainable," and the Judd-187A occupies the latter end of the scale.
The obverse is identical to the regular issue 1858 Small Letters cent. The reverse, while similar to that adopted for the Indian cent in 1860, displays a broad, ornamented shield at the top. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge.
Five Leaf Clusters Variant, with five leaf clusters in the wreath. The obverse is from a regular Flying Eagle Small Letters die, while the reverse displays the wreath introduced on the 1859 Indian cent. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge.
A Flying Eagle pattern with the adopted design on the obverse. The reverse exhibits an oak wreath enclosing the denomination ONE CENT. An olive sprig and a group of three arrows are bound at the base of the wreath. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge.
An eagle flying left dominates the obverse, 13 stars are arranged around the periphery, the date 1855 is below. On the reverse, the denomination ONE CENT is centered within a laurel wreath, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is at the border. Struck in nickel composition (40% nickel, 60% copper) or German silver (75% copper, 12% nickel, 13% zinc) with a plain edge.
Thirteen stars surround an eagle that is flying slightly upward, similar to the Christian Gobrecht/Titian Peale flying eagle design for the Gobrecht dollars (and soon the Flying Eagle cents). The reverse design is similar to the issued large cent. The diameter is intermediate between the large cents struck for commerce in 1855 and the small cents that were first produced in 1856. Struck in bronze with a plain edge.
The hook-necked flying eagle design surrounded by stars and the date below. The reverse closely resembles the regular dies issue for the large cent, although the wreath and letters are smaller, as is the diameter. Struck in bronze with a plain edge.
The hook-necked eagle obverse, generally attributed to Longacre, is paired with several reverses during the year, here with ONE CENT in a simple laurel wreath. This variety shows five leaf clusters in the reverse wreath, identifying it as Pollock-245, while the rarer six-leaf clusters mark the Pollock-246 variant. The small eagle obverse with open claws and raised wings. The tall, thin obverse letters represent Paquet's style. The reverse is similar to the regular issue 1859 Indian cent. Struck in copper nickel with a plain edge.